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Programming Fundamentals MCQs With Answers For NTS PPSC FPSC

Question 1: Which of the following are object oriented languages?
a. Java
b. Cobol
c. C++
d. C

[efaccordion id=”01″] [efitems title=”Show Answer” text=”C++”][/efaccordion]

Question 2: In programming, a series of logically ordered steps that lead to a required result is called?
a.  a compiler
b. a program
c. a data structure
d. an algorithm

[efaccordion id=”01″] [efitems title=”Show Answer” text=”an algorithm “][/efaccordion]

Question 3: What kind of languages are Cobol, Java, C# and Basic?
a. 1GL
b. 2GL
c.  3GL
d. 4GL

[efaccordion id=”01″] [efitems title=”Show Answer” text=”3GL”][/efaccordion]

Question 4: Which is a typical language for programming inside Web pages?
a. JavaScript
b. HTML
c. Cobol
d. XML

[efaccordion id=”01″] [efitems title=”Show Answer” text=”JavaScript”][/efaccordion]

Question 5: Which of the following converts source code into machine code at each runtime?
a. linker
b. compiler
c. interpreter
d. object encoder

[efaccordion id=”01″] [efitems title=”Show Answer” text=”interpreter”][/efaccordion]

Question 6: Which of the following commonly happens to variables (in most languages)?
a. declaration
b. assignment
c. expansion
d. derivation

[efaccordion id=”01″] [efitems title=”Show Answer” text=”declaration”][/efaccordion]

Question 7: Assuming that + and * are arithmetic operators (addition and multiplication), to what does the
expression 2 + 4 * 5 + 1 evaluate?
a. 36
b. 31
c. 26
d. 23

[efaccordion id=”01″] [efitems title=”Show Answer” text=”23″][/efaccordion]

Question 8: Assuming that = and / are the assignment and division operators, what will be the outcome
of the following code in most programming languages:
x = 3
y = 7
z = x / (y-7)
a. runtime error
b. syntax error
c.  logic error
d. compiler error

[efaccordion id=”01″] [efitems title=”Show Answer” text=”runtime error”][/efaccordion]

Question 9: Today is Tuesday. It is raining. Which of the following is True?
a. Raining OR Tuesday
b. Raining XOR Tuesday
c. Raining AND Tuesday
d. NOT (Raining OR Tuesday)

[efaccordion id=”01″] [efitems title=”Show Answer” text=”Raining OR Tuesday”][/efaccordion]

Question 10: Which is a typical kind of variable for keeping an ordered set of values in memory, that can be
referenced as e.g. A[3], A[n+1] etc. ?
a. File
b. Array
c. String
d. Container

[efaccordion id=”01″] [efitems title=”Show Answer” text=”Array”][/efaccordion]

Question 11: AND, OR and NOT are logical operators. What data type is expected for their operands?
a. integer
b. boolean
c. decimal
d. character

[efaccordion id=”01″] [efitems title=”Show Answer” text=”boolean”][/efaccordion]

Question 12: In many programming languages, ‘otherwise’ and ‘else’ are part of which building block?
a. Loop
b. Counter
c. Selection
d. List structure

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Question 13: Which term describes the mechanism of a function calling itself ?
a. encapsulation
b. inheritance
c.  recursion
d. polymorphism

[efaccordion id=”01″] [efitems title=”Show Answer” text=” recursion”][/efaccordion]

Question 14: ‘Tracing’, ‘stepping’ and ‘breakpoint’ are typical terms belonging to which programming development aspect?
a. debugging
b. compilation
c. version control
d. project planning

[efaccordion id=”01″] [efitems title=”Show Answer” text=”debugging”][/efaccordion]

Question 15: (In most programming languages), which statement would be used in the definition of a function, to indicate the resulting value when this function is called?
a. result = x
b. reply x
c. send x
d. return x

[efaccordion id=”01″] [efitems title=”Show Answer” text=”return x”][/efaccordion]